Is chemotherapy introduced only when it is cancerous? When should a person with cancer start chemotherapy?
The special feature of cancer cells is their rapid cell division and their spread to distant organs of the body. The latter is called metastasis in medical terms.
The stage of cancer depends largely on the prevalence of cancer (T = tumor) (i.e., if someone has cancer in the cervix or cervix, depending on how deep the cervix has spread), whether nearby lymph nodes or lymph nodes are affected (N = node) ) (Because every part of the body is connected to the nearest lymph node through the lymph nodes, cancer cells spread to the lymph nodes through the lymph nodes. For example, if someone has breast cancer, it can spread to the armpit or axillary lymph nodes) It is also called TNM Staging.
Now with this staging system, it is understood what stage the cancer is at. The criteria for this staging are different for each cancer. So it is impossible to generalize. However, if the cancer is confined to the area where its source is, then it is removed directly through surgery. Basically, surgery is possible for stage one and two cancers. Nearby lymph nodes are closely monitored during the operation and are excluded if they are infected.
Stage III and IV cancers spread to different organs locally or remotely. Localized is called local spread (such as lung cancer can spread to local organs such as the ribs, pleura, or lining of the lungs), and if it spreads to distant organs (mainly through veins and arteries, such as thyroid cancer it can spread to the liver or lungs). This is called metastasis. In this case, it is not possible to remove the operation. Then it is treated with chemotherapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy primarily prevent cancer cells from dividing and supplying them with useful juices for nutrition. This destroys the cancer cells and reduces the size of the tumor.
Sometimes doctors think you can give chemotherapy after the operation for extra protection, sometimes with chemotherapy to reduce the size of the tumor, and then the operation is done.
Therefore, chemotherapy is not required for all types of cancer.
What kind of vitamins should cancer patients eat?
Your body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium and build bones. When the amount of vitamin D in the body decreases, the bones of children become soft (rickets) and brittle, and the bones of adults become deformed (osteomalacia). You need vitamin D for other physical activities.
Vitamin D deficiency is linked to breast cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, heart disease, depression, weight gain, and other ailments.
What foods should a lung cancer patient eat?
Eat lots of meat during lung cancer treatment. These will make your body stronger and help to heal the damage caused to the body due to medical reasons.
High-class meats include:
- Meat, chicken
- Beans, nuts
- Cheese, milk, and yogurt
- Try to eat two to two and a half cups of vegetables.
- Eat dark green and dark yellow vegetables.
Eat oranges and grapes. Eat plenty of fluids, especially water. Eat fresh fruit juice. Do not eat pasteurized, raw vegetables or milk. If you are not hungry, eat little by little without eating too much at once. You can eat yogurt, cereal, cheese, and soup while taking chemotherapy.
Cannot eat well due to side effects during treatment.
Avoid high-fat foods and spicy foods if you feel nauseous. Eat biscuits or toast for several hours in a row. You can eat fresh water and broth.
If you have mouth and throat problems, if you have a sore throat, eat soft foods, avoid spicy and acidic foods. Eat lukewarm food. Eat liquids using a straw.
If you have diarrhea, it is important to stay hydrated, so eat plenty of fluids and avoid high-fiber foods. If you have constipation, eat fibrous food and liquid food.
Changes in taste: Starting treatment will have a fun effect on your tongue. Foods that you haven’t eaten before may taste better now. You can eat Vedana and Ginger. You may like rosemary, oregano, and mint.
Source: Web MD
Lung cancer killer food
- Wheat bread
- Brown rice
- Whole grain pasta
- Fruits and vegetables