History of Tangail District

A Brief History of Tangail District

Tangail is the most popular Place in Bangladesh. The present Tangail district was formerly a subdivision of the greater Mymensingh district. According to historians, long ago Tangail was under the Kamrup region of Assam. The topography of Tangail district is diverse, which does not correspond to one place or another. Land structure is also of different types. The soils of Tangail region except Madhupur Garh region are formed by sedimentation of Brahmaputra and Jamuna. From time immemorial, this region, which is surrounded by innumerable tributaries of rivers, has developed through various breakdowns. Due to which diversity is also observed in the soil structure of different places. According to the Geological Survey, the soils of the region are divided into three parts:

A. Old polyp sedimentation zone.
B. Inland river basin.
C. River sedimentation zone.

The land of Tangail is very ancient. Most of the area of ​​the district, especially the land of Madhupur, consists of red soil. Although traces of antiquities have been observed in various places under the district, the ruins are almost extinct due to carelessness and neglect. One of the most famous antiquities in the district is the ruins of a strange ancient monument near Madhupur Garh, 3 km east of Ghatail Thana Sadar. The location of the building in the middle of the small pond around. On about 5 acres of land on a flat hill on the north side of Jharkhand.

The ruins of a large building can be seen, which has now gone underground. At present that place has been turned into agricultural land. Once upon a time there was a palace here. It is known from Lakemukhe that this house was the house of Har Raja. In this district there is a large lake on the west side adjacent to Atia Jame Mosque. The lake is long north-south. The feature of the lake is that from the top of the bank to the bottom of the lake is covered by fragments of ancient brick pottery. Apart from this, the antiquities of Tangail district include Hindu Pal Garh, Santosh Zamindarbari, Sagardighi, Gupta Vrindavan, Bartirtha and other monuments. Although all his ruins.

There are some differences in the way of life and culture of the people of this district with the residents of other districts of the country. For thousands of years, different races, ethnic groups and kingdoms have ruled the area and different cultures have developed in the area. Tangail has been glowing with its own characteristics since ancient times. Among the handicrafts and cottage industries of Tangail, the sari of Tangail weavers, the bronze utensils of Kagmari, the spoons of Perabari, the work of bamboo and cane are especially noteworthy.

The financial life of Tangail district is based on agriculture. The district lags far behind in industry, trade and commerce. Even then, the sari of Tangail is appreciated by the people of the country. After muslin and jamdani, Tangail sari has been able to add a new dimension to the textile sector of Bangladesh. That is why it is said, “Nadichar Khalbil, Gajari forest / Tangail sari is the treasure of his pride.” Tangail is a multidimensional district due to natural causes. Because of the topography of Tangail with hills, forests, plains, pastures, oceans, numerous rivers including Jamuna, Dhaleshwari rivers, canals and green crop fields.

There’s Gara. And Mandai tribe, there are upper caste Hindus, neem caste Hindus, Muslims and Hindu Muslims irrespective of agricultural people. Various lakesahityas have been written around them. Among them are Baramasi songs, Dhuya songs, Bhajans, Bichhed songs, Mystic songs. Music, feminine songs, jarigan, sarigan, bichargan, punthi and baulgan are notable. During the reign of Muhammad Tughlaq, Bangladesh was divided into three areas – Lakhnauti, Senargaon and Satgaon.

It is assumed that most of the territory of Tangail except the feudal area was then included in Senargaon Itkar. During the reign of Alauddin Hassan Shah, the rule of greater Mymensingh and some areas of Dhaka including Tangail was handed over to his son Nasrat Shah. Was. Since then, the region has been known as Nasratshahi. Magel was in the management of Todarmal during the reign of Emperor Akbar.

The empire was divided into several subahs, subahs into governments and governments into parganas. With the exception of a few areas under Sarkar Sainargaon and Sarkar Gharaghat, most of the present Tangail district was then included in the suburbs of Suba Bengal.

Nawab of the Battle of Palashi in 1757. After the defeat of Sirajuddaula, Muslim rule in Bengal came to an end and English rule was established. At this time the administrative field is multifaceted. Change. In 1773, to facilitate the rule of the English East India Company, Bengal was divided into five divisions: Calcutta, Burdwan, Murshidabad, Dinajpur and Dhaka. At the same time the divisions were divided into 28 districts.

The Provincial Council was established in 1774. At the same time, the post of Naib was created to collect revenue and perform the functions of the civil court. The provincial council is made the ‘appellate authority’ of the civil court. In 1781, the provincial council was abolished and a district collector magistrate was appointed. Under this system, Mr. Day was the first to be appointed Collector Magistrate. The present Tangail district was then under the Dhaka Collector. At that time the area of ​​the huge A district was 15,397 square miles. In 1842 subdivision system was introduced in the administrative field and for administrative convenience in 1845 Mymensingh district was divided into Jamalpur with Sherpur, Hajipur, Pingna and Sirajganj thanas. Subdivisions and Sadar subdivisions consisting of Nasirabad, Gabtali, Madhupur, Netrokona, Ghaesagaon, Fatehpur, Gafargaon, Madarganj, Nikli and Bajitpur thanas.

This system included Atia thana of present Tangail district, Dhaka district, Madhupur thana, Mymensingh Sadar subdivision and other areas of Jamalpur subdivision. Atia subdivision was established on 3 May 1869 with Atia, Pingna and Madhupur thanas. Subsequently, the sub-divisional headquarters was established at Tangail from Atia on 15 November 1870. Brahmanath Sen was the first administrator of Tangail subdivision.

In 1872, the area of ​​Tangail subdivision was 1,041 square miles. At that time there were 3 police stations in Tangail, Kalihati and Gaepalpur and 4 Fari police stations in Nagarpur, Mirzapur, Ghatail and Jagannathganj. Madhupur police station then. Mymensingh was associated with Sadar subdivision. Later Jagannathganj Fari Thana was included in Pabna and Madhupur Thana in Tangail. Nagarpur, Mirzapur, Ghatail and Jagannathganj Fari Thanas were transformed into full-fledged police stations by gazette notification of the then Government of East Bengal and Assam on 16 June 1906.

At present there are 13 police stations in Tangail district. Namely: Tangail Model Thana, Nagarpur Thana, Delduar Thana, Mirzapur Thana, Basail Thana, Sakhipur Thana, Kalihati Thana, Ghatail Thana, Bhunapur Thana, Dhanbari Thana, Madhupur Thana, Gopalpur Thana, Bangabandhu Bridge East Thana. In 1962, a proposal was made to the then government of Pakistan to divide Mymensingh into four districts namely Quaidabad, Nasirabad, Tangail and Islamabad. In this proposal he set up the district headquarters at Tangail. There was talk of establishing a separate subdivision in Gaepalpur with the establishment of Tangail district comprising Tangail and Manikganj subdivisions. On 8 March 1964, the National Economic Council of the then Government of Pakistan adopted a plan to establish a separate district at Tangail. According to this plan, construction work of Tangail district headquarters was started in 1968 by occupying 341 acres of land.

On December 1, 1969, the then Governor of East Pakistan, Admiral S. M Ahsan announced the auspicious inauguration of Tangail district. AN Kalimullah became the first deputy commissioner of Tangail district. Tangail Municipality was established on 1 January 1887. At the time of its establishment, Tangail Municipality was established on an area of ​​525 sq. Miles. To the south are Kazipur, Charkajipur, Berabuchna and Bhutbhuria villages. To the east are the villages of Taitta, Poylabil Darat and Galebaria, and parts of the Lohajang River. Kabilapara, Gadurgati and Binnafair villages in the west.

What is the number of police stations in Tangail district and what are they?

Tangail district consists of 13 police stations.

01. Tangail Model Police Station.

02. Nagarpur Thana.

03. Delduar police station.

04. Mirzapur Thana.

05. Basail police station.

06. Sakhipur police station.

07. Kalihati police station.

08. Ghatail police station.

09. Bhunapur Thana.

10. Dhanbari police station.

11. Madhupur police station.

12. Gopalpur police station.
13. Bangabandhu Bridge East Police Station.

All the famous things of Tangail District

There is a land called Tangail on the map of our country. And there are many famous things in this district. When you hear about the splendor of Porabari in this district, no one gets water in their mouth. The splendor of this terracotta is famous for its sweetness. The spoons of this district are the best in the whole country. The people of other districts never really make the mistake to take the spoons with them when they visit this district. The spoons of Tangail district are also exported to different parts of the country. The history of this splendor is about 200 years. This means the splendor of this terracotta house during the British period. Porabari is about 8 km from Tangail city. Located away. This Porabari is a small village. The village is located on the banks of the river Dhaleshwari. And this river was a tributary of the river Jamuna. Porabari spoons were made with pure cow’s milk, sugar, and Dhaleshwari river water. In earlier days, traders, kings, zamindars, paikpoyadars used to come to the ghats of this porabari and anchor launches, steamers and cargo. And they used to buy spoons from here and they used to take these spoons with them. At that time there were a total of 50-60 spoon shops in Porabari. Business in progress. In the course of time, the Dhaleshwari river became smaller, so that launches, steamers, etc. could no longer pass through this river.

As a result, there was a huge downturn in business. The merchants moved to Tangail with shops to keep their business afloat. And they built their business around the Panchani Bazaar in the city. At present, there are about 30-35 spoon shops in Panchani Bazaar of the city. Joykali and Gopal Mistannovander are currently on the list of the best shops in the city. This district is not only famous for its glitter, there are also world-class weavers of Tangail.

Tangail weaving industry is one of the oldest industries in Bangladesh. A proverb
There are rivers, canals, beels, forests of Gajari,
The sari of Tangail is the treasure of his pride.

The weavers of Tangail district are mainly descendants of traditional Muslim weavers. Their abode was in Dhamrai and Chauhatta areas of Dhaka district. They went to Delduar, Santosh and Gharinda areas at the invitation of zamindars and later settled there permanently. Initially they used to make sari without design. Changed the design of weaving cloth in 1923-1924. In 1992, there were more than 1 lakh looms in Tangail district and 150,000 weavers lived in Tangail Sadar, Nagarpur, Kalihati and Basail upazilas. According to a 2013 census, there were 60,000 looms in Tangail district at that time. There were three types of looms according to the type of loom.

These are the names: 1. Pit loom, 2. T power loom and 3. Chioranjan loom. The Basakh community of Patrail Union is the oldest community. Those are still making this loom sari. The sari of Tangail weavers is admired all over the world for its unique feature.

They sell this sari at Bajitpur and Kortia walks 2 days a week. The names of the notable sarees in Tangail saree are: 1. Cotton sari, II. Half-silk sari (half silk sari), 3. Soft silk saree, 4. Baluchuri sari, 5. Cotton jamdani sari, 6. Dangya sari, 6. Twistet-cotton sari and 6. Gas-merchandised sarees are notable.

Tangail weaved sarees are exported to different countries of the world. This sari is widely exported to India, America, Middle East, and Europe. In India, 50,000 (fifty thousand) Tangail sarees are exported every week.

There is also the best Jamuna bridge in the country.

This bridge connects Tangail district and Sirajganj district. In other words, this bridge formed the link between Dhaka and North Bengal.

There is also the famous average of Madhupur. There is pineapple from Madhupur which is exported to many countries including our country.

There are the most domed mosques in Asia. Which is located in Gopalpur upazila of Tangail. This mosque has a total of 201 domes.

There are also many manor houses. Notable among these is Mehera Zamindar Bari Mirzapur, which is now a police training center. There is one of the best cadet colleges in the country, Mirzapur, there is the Atiya Mosque, Delduar of the previous ten taka note, there is also the tomb of the best political figure in the history of the country Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani. There is one of the best universities of the country Maulana Abdul Hamid Khan Bhasani University of Science and Technology. There is also one of the heroic freedom fighters of the great liberation war Bangabir Quader Siddiqui. In fact, this district is not compared to any other district.

Places of interest in Tangail district

1. Mahera zamindar bari.
Mehera zamindarbari is located in Mehera union of Mirzapur upazila. From Jamurki bus station on the side of Dhaka-Tangail highway, you have to get off at the signboard with Mehera police training on the north side. Then a road went east from the highway – Mehera zamindar bari in front of the road.

2. Atiya Mosque
Atia Mosque can be reached by CNG from Tangail city.

3. Upendra Sarobar
Nagarpur Upendra Sarovar can be reached by CNG from Tangail city.

4. Pakutia zamindarbari
From Tangail to Pakutia Zamindarbari via CNG with Delduar.

5. Elenga Resort
It is only two hours drive from the capital Dhaka.

6. Mass grave of Banagram
The mass grave of Banagram via Nagarpur with the addition of CNG from Tangail.

7. Mehera zamindar house
From Jamurki on the Dhaka-Tangail National Highway, about two kilometers north of Tangail and about two kilometers south of Natia Para bus stand from Tangail to Dhaka, you can get off the bus near Dubail Government Primary School and reach Mehera Police Training Center by rickshaw or tempo.

8. Dhalapara Chowdhurybari and Central Jame Mosque
Dhalapara Chowdhurybari near Bangshai river about 12 km east of Ghatail Sadar.

9. Nagarpur Chowdhury House (Zamindar House)
Nagarpur Chowdhury house with CNG from Tangail.

10. Bangabandhu Multipurpose Bridge
Buses to Yamuna Bridge are available from Tangail. Can be reached by boat.

11. Nagarpur zamindar house
From Nagarpur Bazar on foot or by rickshaw and auto

12. Upendra Sarobar
By rickshaw or auto from Nagarpur Bazar.

13. Shahid Salahuddin Cantonment, Ghatail, Tangail
Storm from Ghatail

14. Char Gabsara Dakhil Madrasa
From Govindasi boat ghat to Punlipara boat ghat you can go to Char Gabsara Dakhil Madrasa on foot.

15. DC Lake, Tangail
From the new bus stand, cross the Shamsul Haque Gate on the right (next to Tangail Circuit House)

Famous Foods of Tangail District

Chamcham is a famous sweet made at Porabari in Tangail, Bangladesh which is famous all over the Indian subcontinent except Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. Chamcham is called the king of all sweets in Bangladesh. It is a kind of sweet special made of chickpeas.

Ingredients for its preparation are flour, butter, sugar, saffron, lemon juice, and coconut.

Puppies are first prepared by burning pure cow’s milk in the oven. About 5 kg of lamb is mixed with 250 g of flour. After that, you have to mix it well and give it to the sugar vein in the shape of sweet for at least half an hour. The long sweets gradually take on the color of burnt bricks. This is how the porabari spoon is prepared.

In conclusion, Tangail, an ancient city of Bangladesh, has many traditions. Many scholars, poets, writers, journalists, and politicians have been born in this traditional district. Due to its geographical location, the people of the district have easy access to the people of the country and the capital has an easy access system. Tangail has become a remote town in the capital Dhaka. Tangail district has got its own identity through the long-term location and residence of people of many religions, as evidenced by history.